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22.6.11

incredibili fotografie del vulcano cileno

Thousands flee their homes and flights are grounded as Chilean volcano sends plumes of ash showering down


Last updated at 7:56 AM on 7th June 2011
The Chilean volcano which erupted on Monday has sent a towering plume of ash across South America,

forcing thousands from their homes, grounding airline flights in southern Argentina and coating ski resorts with a gritty layer of dust instead of snow.

Booming explosions echoed across the Andes as toxic gases belched up from a three-mile-long fissure in the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle

volcanic complex - a ridge between two craters just west of the Chilean-Argentine border that began erupting Saturday.

Winds blew a six-mile high cloud of ash all the way to the Atlantic Ocean and even into southern Buenos Aires province, hundreds of miles to the north-east.

Raining ash: The                                               plume above the                                               Puyehue-Cordon Caulle                                               volcano chain threw ash up                                               to six miles into the sky
Raining ash: The plume above the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano chain threw ash up to six miles into the sky

Engulfed in ash: A                                               policeman walks between                                               rocks and ash near the                                               volcano site in southern                                               Chile
Engulfed in ash: A policeman walks between rocks and ash near the volcano site in southern Chile
Authorities in Chile went house to house, trying to persuade stragglers near the volcano to evacuate because of an increasing danger of toxic gas and flash floods.

Winds fanned the ash toward neighbouring Argentina, darkening the sky in the ski resort city of San Carlos de Bariloche, in the centre of the country,

and its airport has also been closed.
The eruption in the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcanic chain, about 575 miles south of the capital, Santiago, also prompted authorities to close a busy border crossing into Argentina.

It was not immediately clear which of the chain's four volcanoes had erupted because of ash cover and weather conditions. The chain last saw a major eruption in 1960.

Grounded: An aircraft                                               belonging to Austral with                                               ash on it from Chile's                                               Puyehue-Cordon Caulle                                               volcano chain remains                                               stranded on the tarmac of                                               the sky resort San Carlos                                               de Bariloche in                                               Argentina's Patagonia
Grounded: An aircraft belonging to Austral with ash on it from Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano chain remains stranded on the tarmac

of the sky resort San Carlos de Bariloche in Argentina's Patagonia.

Covering: This road                                               near the volcano site was                                               left completely coated in                                               pumice rocks from the                                               Puyehue-Cordon Caulle                                               chain volcano
Covering: This road near the volcano site was left completely coated in pumice rocks from the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle chain volcano.

Massive: An example                                               of a pumice rock from                                               Chile's Puyehue-Cordon                                               Caulle chain volcano is                                               displayed
Massive: An example of a pumice rock from Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle chain volcano is displayed
Local media said the smell of sulphur hung in the air and there was constant seismic activity.
'The Cordon Caulle (volcanic range) has entered an eruptive process, with an explosion resulting in a 10-kilometre-high gas column,' the state emergency office ONEMI said.

As a precaution, the government said it was evacuating 3,500 people from the surrounding area.

This development is the latest volcanic activity to affect the country. Three years ago, Chile's Chaiten volcano erupted spectacularly for the first time in thousands of years, spewing molten rock and a vast cloud of ash that reached the stratosphere and was visible from space.

It also drifted over neighbouring Argentina, coating towns. Chile's Llaima volcano, one of South America's most active, also erupted that year and again in 2009.

Chile's chain of about 2,000 volcanoes is the world's second largest after Indonesia. Some 50 to 60 are on record as having erupted, and 500 are potentially active.

Winter come early: In                                               scenes more reminiscent of                                               a snow storm, residents                                               walk through an ash                                               covered street in the                                               resort San Carlos de                                               Bariloche in Argentina
Winter come early: In scenes more reminiscent of a snow storm, residents walk through an ash covered street in the resort San Carlos de Bariloche in Argentina.

Spectacular: A                                               time-lapse photo shows                                               lightning bolts striking                                               around the Puyehue-Cordon                                               Caulle volcanic chain in                                               Patagonia
Spectacular: A time-lapse photo shows lightning bolts striking around the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcanic chain.

As a precaution, the                                               government said it was                                               evacuating 3,500 people                                               from the surrounding area
As a precaution, the government said it was evacuating 3,500 people from the surrounding area.

An extraordinary                                               cloud formation is created                                               by the ash rising several                                               miles into the atmosphere
An extraordinary cloud formation is created by the ash rising several miles into the atmosphere. It was the latest in a series of volcanic eruptions in Chile in recent years. Chile's Chaiten volcano erupted spectacularly in 2008 for the first time in thousands of years, spewing molten rock and a vast cloud of ash that reached the stratosphere.

The ash also swelled a nearby river and ravaged a nearby town of the same name.

The ash cloud from Chaiten coated towns in Argentina and was visible from space. Chile's Llaima volcano, one of South America's most active, erupted in 2008 and 2009.

Chile's chain of about 2,000 volcanoes is the world's second largest after Indonesia. Some 50 to 60 are on record as having erupted, and 500 are potentially active.

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Above cloud level the                                               plume looks like a nuclear                                               bomb has just exploded                                               with its mushroom cloud                                               bursting towards the                                               skies
Above cloud level the plume looks like a nuclear bomb has just exploded with its mushroom cloud bursting towards the skies.

A woman wipes a thick                                               layer of volcanic ash away                                               from the windscreen of her                                               car
A woman wipes a thick layer of volcanic ash away from the windscreen of her car.

Headlights on, a car                                               creeps through a street                                               covered in ash. One could                                               be forgiven for thinking                                               this was a wintry scene                                               covered in snow
Headlights on, a car creeps through a street covered in ash. One could be forgiven for thinking this was a wintry scene covered in snow.

Caught in the                                               sunlight: Beautiful but                                               deadly, the cloud turns                                               fiery red in the sunshine                                               as the eruption continues                                               to belch ash skyward
Caught in the sunlight: Beautiful but deadly, the cloud turns fiery red in the sunshine as the eruption continues to belch ash skyward.

Smiling lightning: As                                               molten rock and gases are                                               ejected from the core of                                               the volcano below, what                                               appears to be a 'have a                                               nice day' face is formed                                               from the electrically                                               charged air
Smiling lightning: As molten rock and gases are ejected from the core of the volcano below, what appears to be a 'have a nice day' face is formed from the electrically charged air.

Protection: Carrying                                               bottles of water and soft                                               drinks this man wears a                                               gas mask to avoid                                               breathing in ash
Protection: Carrying bottles of water and soft drinks this man wears a gas mask to avoid breathing in ash.

As darkness falls the                                               centre of this Argentinian                                               town looks like it could                                               be a wintry wonderland in                                               the Austrian mountains
As darkness falls the centre of this Argentinian town looks like it could be a wintry wonderland in the Austrian mountains.

A car drives through                                               a street covered by ash in                                               the Argentine resort city                                               of San Carlos de                                               Bariloche. It lies 100                                               miles from Chile's Puyehue                                               volcano
A car drives through a street covered by ash in the Argentine resort city of San Carlos de Bariloche.
It lies 100 miles from Chile's Puyehue volcano.


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